1. Linux Distributions

1.1. Alpine

  • Advantage: Very small, lots of up-to-date packages

  • Size: 5.52 MB

  • Release: every 6 months

  • Support: for 2 years

  • Latest: Edge

  • Docker image

$ docker pull alpine
Table 1.3. Alpine Versions

Version

Release date

End of support

edge

v3.16

2022-05-23

2024-05-23

v3.15

2021-11-24

2023-11-01

v3.14

2021-06-15

2023-05-01

v3.13

2021-01-14

2022-11-01

v3.12

2020-05-29

2022-05-01

v3.11

2019-12-29

2021-11-01

v3.10

2019-06-19

2021-05-01

v3.9

2019-01-29

2020-11-01

v3.8

2018-06-26

2020-05-01

v3.7

2017-11-30

2019-11-01

v3.6

2017-05-24

2019-05-01

v3.5

2016-12-22

2018-11-01

v3.4

2016-05-31

2018-05-01

v3.3

2015-12-18

2017-11-01

v3.2

2015-05-26

2017-05-01

v3.1

2014-12-10

2016-11-01

v3.0

2014-06-04

2016-05-01

v2.7

2013-11-08

2015-11-01

v2.6

2013-05-17

2015-05-01

v2.5

2012-11-07

2014-11-01

v2.4

2012-05-02

2014-05-01

v2.3

2011-11-01

2013-11-01

v2.2

2011-05-06

2013-05-01

v2.1

2010-11-01

2012-11-01

1.2. Debian

$ docker pull debian
Table 1.4. Debian Versions

Version

Code name

Release date

End of life

Toy Story character

Sid

unstable

The next door neighbour

11

Bullseye

2021-08-14

Woody's horse

10

Buster

2019-07-06

~2022-08

Andy's pet dog

9

Stretch

2017-06-17

2027-06-30

Rubber octopus from Toy Story 3

8

Jessie

2015-04-26

2025-06-30

Jessie the cowgirl

7

Wheezy

2013-05-04

2020-06-30

Wheezy the penguin

6.0

Squeeze

2011-02-06

2016-02-29

Squeeze toy aliens

5.0

Lenny

2009-02-14

2012-02-06

Lenny, the binoculars

4.0

Etch

2007-04-08

2010-02-15

Etch, the Etch-A-Sketch

3.1

Sarge

2005-06-06

2008-03-31

Sarge from the Bucket O' Soldiers

3.0

Woody

2002-07-19

2006-06-30

Woody the cowboy

2.2

Potato

2000-08-15

2003-06-30

Mr Potato Head

2.1

Slink

1999-03-09

2000-10-30

Slinky Dog

2.0

Hamm

1998-07-24

Hamm (the pig)

1.3

Bo

1997-06-05

Bo Peep

1.2

Rex

1996-12-12

Rex (the T-Rex)

1.1

Buzz

1996-06-17

Buzz Lightyear

1.3. Ubuntu

  • Advantage: Based on Debian, lots of up-to-date packages, liberal rules about licenses

  • Size: 77.8 MB

  • Release: every 6 months (in April and October), LTS every 2 years (in April)

  • Support: 10 years (extended)

  • Ubuntu version numbers are YY.MM for example 22.04 (released in April 2022)

  • Docker image

  • Release cycle

  • Version names

$ docker pull ubuntu:22.04
$ docker pull ubuntu:latest
$ docker pull ubuntu          # will pull latest
Table 1.5. Ubuntu Versions

Version

Code name

Release date

End of support

22.10

Kinetic Kudu

2022-10-20

TBA

N/A

22.04 LTS

Jammy Jellyfish

2022-04-21

2032-04-21

21.10

Impish Indri

2021-10-14

2022-07-14

21.04

Hirsute Hippo

2021-04-22

2022-01-20

20.10

Groovy Gorilla

2020-10-22

2021-07-22

20.04 LTS

Focal Fossa

2020-04-23

2030-04-23

19.10

Eoan Ermine

2019-10-17

2020-07-17

19.04

Disco Dingo

2019-04-18

2020-01-23

18.10

Cosmic Cuttlefish

2018-10-18

2019-07-18

18.04 LTS

Bionic Beaver

2018-04-26

2028-04-26

17.10

Artful Aardvark

2017-10-19

2018-07-19

17.04

Zesty Zapus

2017-04-13

2018-01-13

16.10

Yakkety Yak

2016-10-13

2017-07-20

16.04 LTS

Xenial Xerus

2016-04-21

2026-04-23

15.10

Wily Werewolf

2015-10-22

2016-07-28

15.04

Vivid Vervet

2015-04-23

2016-02-04

14.10

Utopic Unicorn

2014-10-23

2015-07-23

14.04 LTS

Trusty Tahr

2014-04-17

2024-04-25

13.10

Saucy Salamander

2013-10-17

2014-07-17

13.04

Raring Ringtail

2013-04-25

2014-01-27

12.10

Quantal Quetzal

2012-10-18

2014-05-16

12.04 LTS

Precise Pangolin

2012-04-26

2019-04-26

11.10

Oneiric Ocelot

2011-10-13

2013-05-09

11.04

Natty Narwhal

2011-04-28

2012-10-28

10.10

Maverick Meerkat

2010-10-10

2012-04-10

10.04 LTS

Lucid Lynx

2010-04-29

2015-04-30

9.10

Karmic Koala

2009-10-29

2011-04-30

9.04

Jaunty Jackalope

2009-04-23

2010-10-23

8.10

Intrepid Ibex

2008-10-30

2010-04-30

8.04 LTS

Hardy Heron

2008-04-24

2013-05-09

7.10

Gutsy Gibbon

2007-10-18

2009-04-18

7.04

Feisty Fawn

2007-04-19

2008-10-19

6.10

Edgy Eft

2006-10-26

2008-04-25

6.06 LTS

Dapper Drake

2006-06-01

2011-06-01

5.10

Breezy Badger

2005-10-13

2007-04-13

5.04

Hoary Hedgehog

2005-04-08

2006-10-31

4.10

Warty Warthog

2004-10-20

2006-04-30

../../_images/release-ubuntu1.png

Figure 1.2. Long term support and interim releases